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Diabetes Q&A

 

Q: What Is Diabetes?

A: Most of the food we eat is turned into glucose, or sugar, for our bodies to use for energy. The pancreas, an organ that lies near the stomach, makes a hormone called insulin to help glucose get into the cells of our bodies. When you have diabetes, your body either does not make enough insulin or cannot use its own insulin as well as it should. This causes sugars to build up in your blood…

Q: What are the types and risk factors of Diabetes?

A: Type I Diabetes Accounts for a smaller percentage of the diagnosed cases. Risk factors are a little more undefined than other types of diabetes, but include autoimmune, genetic, and environmental factors..

A: Type II Diabetes Accounts for a majority of all diagnosed cases of diabetes. Risk factors include older age, obesity, genetics, prior history of gestational diabetes, lack of physical activity, and race/ethnicity..

Occurs in a small percentage of pregnancies and usually disappears after the pregnancy. Risk factors include women with a family history, obesity, and race/ethnicity..

Q: Can Diabetes be prevented?

A: A number of studies have shown that regular physical activity can significantly reduce the risk of developing type II diabetes.  Type II diabetes also appears to be associated with obesity. Researchers are making progress in identifying the exact genetics and “triggers” that predispose some individuals to develop type I diabetes, but prevention remains vague….

Q: Is there a cure for Diabetes?

A: In response to the growing health burden of diabetes, the diabetes community has three choices: Prevent diabetes, cure diabetes, and improve the quality of care of people with diabetes to prevent devastating complications. The best “cure” right now is prevention; however, several approaches are being pursued. Pancreas transplantation, Islet cell transplantation, artificial pancreas development, and genetic manipulation are some of the treatment options being explored…..

Q: What causes Type I Diabetes?

A: The causes of type I diabetes appear to be much different than those for type II diabetes, though the exact mechanisms for development of both diseases are unknown. The appearance of type I diabetes is suspected to follow exposure to an “environmental trigger, “ such as an unidentified virus, stimulating an immune attack against the beta cells
of the pancreas, the organ that produces insulin, in some genetically predisposed people……

 

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